Vacation Rentals – useful terminology and history

Hiring a castle in France is not the same as renting a castle in Scotland or renting a castle in Italy. The difference is not just geographic. Although, together with Castillo in Spain, words are commonly used as translations for one another and extracted from the same Latin root, they refer entirely to different types of properties.

Considering that the English castle is a very specific type of building, originally a fortified residence for a feudal ruler, usually of large size and immediately recognizable by its (usually) slender towers, the French castle is not just a castle in France. Although the French castle is a literal translation for the English castle, the term is actually applied much more widely, and can in fact mean any old or large country house. In French, the specific term castle fort is used for a medieval, fortified castle. What distinguishes the French castle is that it is a magnificent residence in the countryside, unlike a city, the word "pale" standing for its city equivalent. Again, this is different from the English language, as the palace in England, Scotland, Wales or Ireland is just as likely to be found in the province.

As for someone looking for holiday rental, the significant difference is less likely to be social, historical or architectural, interesting, though these aspects are but one of the cost. A high-rise castle rental in England, Scotland, Wales or Ireland is reasonable to cost over twenty thousand pounds per week for exclusive use while you can rent a castle in France for only 3,000 euros a week, though it's probably what will be called in England a country house or even a country house. Since the medieval fortresses were originally the stronghold of the local ruler, their size would reflect its strength and the degree of its power, from small buildings that range from farms to fortified farms to large fortress bastions that dominate the country for miles around. Just as these masters even spread all over the British Isles and France, and the seats and symbols of their power. Yet many of these truly medieval buildings survive, and the vast majority of castles, castles, and houses for rent from the 17th and 18th centuries, and sometimes later.

As regards the whereabouts of the later castles and country houses, there was a substantial difference between France, on the one hand, and England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. In the second largest houses of the aristocracy (which are sometimes referred to as castles, though not already serving for military purposes), were still scattered even around the ground, as they represent their owners, the local superiority, although their dominance was now more public than political, so Scotland rents can be hired in almost all countries.

In France, however, local social superiority was simply not worth it – all meaningful ambitions were focused on the king and court in Versailles, both for the aristocracy and for the new rich bourgeoisie that followed them. As such, rentals in France are more likely to be found in the center than in the periphery, in the Loire Valley, Normandy, Burgundy and Dordonne.

In Italy, the situation is different again. As in the UK, a castello (castle) is a medieval or Renaissance military fortress. The equivalent of renting a villa here is renting a villa. The urban equivalent of a rural house (like France in this respect) is the palace, although this term also includes the fortified residences of the merchant princes of the Renaissance Italian city states. Unlike France, however, it is possible to find villas in Italy almost everywhere on the peninsula – it is not as much a question as in England of the burden of local interests that are envisaged in the face of the gravity of the central government, but rather had no central authority, since Italy until the middle of the nineteenth century was a set of dozen or more independent states. As a result, you can find a castel or an Italian villa for rent from all over Sicily to Tuscany to Veneto.

Source by Cody Butle

Cheap Flights and Hotels in Top Indian Destinations!

Make a trip to lively, colorful India for the feast of a lifetime! Book discount prices for airline tickets online and get discounts right away! Flight to the main hubs of Delhi or Mumbai, then take connecting flights or trains to the rest of India. Rail travel in India has never been more comfortable, as most services offer passengers a choice of First & Second Class, air-conditioned bedrooms with bathroom and en suite bathroom. Prices are still low, so housing India is a very important option.

India, a diverse land of many cultures, religions and hospitality, has always been the first choice for tourists looking a little more than the rest of the world. Romantics will admire a visit to the glorious Taj Mahal in Agra, a grandiose monument dedicated to the memory of great love for the neighboring pink city of Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur, where you can stay in the marvelous floating palace! See the stunning yellow domes of the Golden Temple in Amritsar and enjoy the fresh, hot "halva" that is widespread for all pilgrims every day. India is not just a land of landmarks and miracles. It also offers fantastic beaches with white sand and an excellent variety of water sports and special massages. From hot stone therapy to packs of cold mud to hot oil that slowly drips on your forehead in Kerala, there really is no place like India.

India has many package tour packages to offer. The capital of India, New Delhi, is a green, clean city with many famous tourist attractions, including the Lotus Temple, Jama Majid, Red Fort, Kutub Minar, and the Indian Gate (reminiscent of the Paris Triumphal Arch). The luminous seasons in February and March make Delhi vibrant, colorful and aromatic. Go west and the modern and awesome rich stock market in Mumbai and the Mahalakshmi highway can make you a millionaire overnight. Juhu Beach, fashionable streets, Elephanta caves, the sea promenade, India's gateway and Flora Fountain are its main attractions. Enjoy the pulsating pace of nightlife in Mumbai where you face one or two celebrities is part of the norm!


A variety of habitats on shores, islands, plain deserts, forests, hills, lakes, grasslands combined with the habitat of the migrating bird path from Europe and West Asia. one of the most fertile bird watching areas throughout Asia.


Hyderabad is famous for its rich history and culture with monuments, mosques, temples, rich and diverse heritage in the arts, crafts and dances.


Especially fascinating features of Chennai are his allegiance to ancient traditions.


The flirting city of Bangalore can never stop courting people. It is known as the Silicon Valley of India.


Kolkata, the largest city in India, is now a lively and thriving city, a center of cultural as well as political and economic life.

The cheapest flights to New Delhi, Mumbai and various other Indian cities are available via online booking at It offers plane tickets to India's best destinations at extremely competitive rates, as well as regular discounts and special offers. Traveling to India will always be the best option for your Indian vacation. We can also take care of all your wedding needs. Do you want to marry Raja or Rani on a horse or even an elephant? Do you want to get married from the sandy shores of Goa as flower girls scatter pink petals on your feet? Unbelievable wedding packages are already available in India and will leave lasting memories for you and your guests!

Source by Mridu Sinha

Best Family Vacation Destination – Family Vacation All Inclusive In Florida

Whatever part of the year, maybe Florida has always been an accredited vacation destination for all. If you have a question about what is the best way to travel, then the easiest way to do this would be to ask for a family break that includes everything in Florida. This type of break is the place where the full amount is paid and there will be no hidden costs. In other words, once you stop, you will not have to go to your pocket unless you sometimes pay for everything you bought or used equipment that was not part of the package you subscribed to .

Advantages of a complete rest

If you've decided to join an all-inclusive holiday, Florida is the place to go. You would certainly want to know what All-Inclusive offers! Well, in general, it means you paid for dining, room, drinks and activities even before you land on the spot. In other words, when you reach the destination, you will not have to reach your pocket to pay for the things you use, among other costs that are not part of your home.

Another advantage of the All-Inclusive Florida holiday is if, if you are a large family, then certainly not all family members will like the same activities that are chosen. Now this can result in huge costs for things that not all will enjoy and can lead to poor management of your trip. So if the hotel is great, then there should be many opportunities to keep everyone busy as happy at the same time.

Beach Resorts in Florida

There are a variety of beach resorts that are all inclusive in Florida, where there is plenty to enjoy for the whole family. Many people who visit Florida have plenty of beach reserves. But the beach is a prefect place for children to play and there are water sports and other activities that make it the perfect place for the whole family to enjoy as one. Some of the most visited destinations are Naples, Florida Keys, Boca Raton, Fort Lauderdale and many others.

What to try and look for is not just a place next to the beach but also those places that also offer family resorts that are all inclusive in Florida. You bet there are many such resorts, but you want to find the one that best suits your needs, as well as at reasonable prices, so that you have a great vacation with the whole family.

Where to find the best package

Every "All-Inclusive" package is not tailored to meet your needs. So you will try to find one that comes closest to your requirements, for example, you and your family are interested in deep-sea fishing, so your requirements are underlined and you can start looking for a beach resort that everyone in Florida and we will take care of your tastes.

Florida is the best place to find numerous family holiday destinations that offer good packages all over Europe. You can start looking for one by finding one through online resources or even asking people who were on their own. You can also visit a local travel agent who has good knowledge of options or can book one where you want it.

Source by Karen B. Heather

3 romantic holiday ideas

There are different ways to make a romantic vacation. It does not matter whether it is in the sand, in the woods or in a bustling city where both can change and build their own romantic atmosphere. Here are some examples that give you ideas for a romantic vacation that you can have.

1. Cruise ship. This is the classic romantic honey that many honeymen often choose. There are many types of cruises that can suit your needs. Build up the romantic feelings, insulating in the sea. You can have a traditional hot water cruise or a more active "boat for a party". It depends a lot on your budget. By the way, make sure it is within your budget. Money leakage will destroy the "romantic" that you both want.

2. Beaches are always a good honeymoon choice. Looking at the sunset, setting yourself on the beach covered with palm trees, it will give you more relaxation and reduce stress. There are many fun activities you can take like diving, snorkeling. Still, if you want simple, means less cost, you can play kites together on the beach. It's romantic, even though it sounds like childish. This is a good experience.

3. Rent a cabin in the desert, surrounded by mountains near a lake. This is appropriate for those couples who love nature. Colorado provides the best choice for you, where the place is built specifically for couples who want romantic moments and scenes. Hiking and then take a break while enjoying food together, it is romantic. This is an affordable honeymoon that will never disappoint you if you really like this guy.

It does not matter where you choose to go, make sure it meets both your desires and your needs. It really matters. Also, remember that you have to make your budget so you do not waste money and waste your time.

Source by Natalie Mac

Renting buses for guided tours

Many people go on guided tours, afraid of strange agendas, crowded rooms, and lack of flexibility. Unfortunately, these people miss a lot of fun entertainment. This is especially the case when qualified guides lead the trip. When hiring a tourist bus is reserved for specific routes, it is often possible for private groups to set their own arrangements and take advantage of the knowledge that comes along with guided tours.

The benefits of this journey are many. Depending on the chosen service, hiring a coach can even ensure that everyone on board is treated for impeccable service and comfort.

When higher rates are accepted for hiring coaches, passengers are treated for all the benefits that celebrities enjoy when traveling. For example, rental coaches, which offer first-class service, ensure that passengers can see everything they want while enjoying luxury accommodation. In some cases, it is even possible to book tours that include driver guides who are familiar with the area.

Whether a California trip or trips through the Las Vegas desert, hiring buses for tours can offer glamor and personalized touch. In this process people can provide them with very good time during the journey and vice versa.

Depending on your preferred rental buses, groups can expect things like:

· Professional drivers who know local hot spots and tourist destinations. Many bus rental companies allow groups to set their own schedules and choose their stops. In many cases, drivers are very familiar with the pitch and can even add a lot to the experience.

Sleeping quarters When the best buses are considered to be hired, small groups will often find dormitories for up to 12 people. This is a great way for groups to tour different parts of the country and should not worry about additional accommodations and other concerns.

· Kitchen facilities. Many lap tours at the top end also come with some sort of gallery agreement. This means that passengers can eat or eat at will.

· Heating rooms. The higher end bus tours are equipped with full-service bathrooms. This eliminates the need to stop between the planned destinations – without the passengers wanting a rapid change of plans.

· Entertainment on board. Most rental buses include some form of entertainment on board. Often this is the equivalent of a TV and a DVD player, but this combination is spectacular for passing time between interesting stops on the planned trip.

· Path help. Many bus rental companies provide help groups that identify their routes and even identify stops that are worthwhile to do. This professional service often comes with rental charges at no extra cost.

Rental buses for tours can give small groups their own private guided tour through some of the best tourist areas you can imagine. From California to Maine and everywhere there is more touring experience than many are aware of. When you want personal and first-class, you can supply bus tourists.

Source by Gordon Petten

Plan your vacation in Myrtle Beach Perfectly

With many holiday attractions, Myrtle Beach receives a huge influx of tourists every year. Beautiful beaches, wonderful lodgings, shopping and dining make it the perfect place to relax. Read this article to plan your vacation and make it enjoyable and memorable.

Holiday in Myrtle Beach offers an excellent opportunity to enjoy pristine beaches, superb golf courses, beautiful lush greenery and a number of outdoor activities. Offering a wide range of accommodation, shopping and dining options, Myrtle Beach has become one of the most sought-after holiday destinations in the United States.

Myrtle Beach, located along the north coast of South Carolina, is a combination of beaches and barriers that stretch from the Little River to Georgetown in South Carolina. Grand Strand offers a number of holiday attractions with millions of tourists each year. Set on white sand and enjoys great views of the ocean and the wonderful atmosphere away from the bustle of the city, Myrtle Beach offers a romantic scenic setting that makes it an ideal destination for honeymooners. In addition to this breathtaking surrounding area, there are many exciting things you can do in your vacation, including surfing, diving, fishing, swimming, kayaking and snorkeling. Well-marked trails offer the opportunity to see a variety of wildlife and birds nearby while enjoying the landscaping of the sparkling white coastline.

The Myrtle Beach Attractions include numerous wonderful golf courses, amusement parks, shopping centers and quality dining establishments. It is famous for many amazing cultural events, music concerts and other entertainment performances that take place every year. If you love shopping during your vacation, there are a number of options, including shopping malls, specialty shops, boutiques, art galleries, and shopping malls to suit your market needs. With more than 1,900 restaurants offering fresh seafood and tasty local dishes according to your preferences and budget, you will surely get quality food at this place. Other late night options include beach bars, dance clubs and theaters that make your time more enjoyable.

When it comes to accommodation during your vacation in Myrtle Beach, there is a wide range of accommodation options, including resorts, hotels, apartments, inns and beaches. Many of these accommodations are close to beaches or golf courses. A very popular option in Myrtle Beach is "beach rentals" which, apart from being on the beach, offer all the modern amenities and entertainment options at reasonable prices. With fully equipped kitchens and spacious rooms to suit your needs, rentals offer a free home environment full of freedom and privacy. Based on your budget, they offer professional cleaning staff, chefs and even guides to make you enjoy the Myrtle Beach tour to the maximum level.

If you are looking for a beach rental to stay on your next trip to Myrtle Beach, it is advisable to do a proper survey, taking into account important factors such as the budget, the number of members and the location and facilities you want to have. You have to make sure that your choice offers all the things you expect for a beach vacation. Internet sites such as are a great opportunity to narrow your selection and book the perfect property. There are many holiday rentals on Myrtle Beach. To choose between them, you are almost certain that you will find one that meets your purchase criteria.

Source by Andy Page

Los Angeles, California Highlights

Los Angeles is a very charming city and a great place for everyone to relax. The visit to Los Angeles and surrounding areas can be one of the best and most memorable experiences you will ever have. Tourists seem to be excited about everything from simple to bigger things. For some reason, tourists always want to see the famous Hollywood sign, and especially visitors from negligent countries want to go to the beach and see the Pacific Ocean for the first time.

If you want more adrenaline, hurry up and plan to get to Los Angeles, you will be within walking distance of several amusement and water parks including Six Flags Magic Mountain, Hurricane Harbor, Disneyland, Knott & Berry Farm, Universal Studios, Raging Waters and other places such as the Los Angeles Zoo and Griffith Park.

If you're really interested in the movie industry, you can go to the recordings of multiple TV shows where you can see your favorite stars live and in person. Or if you prefer to be in front of the camera instead of in the audience, there are several ads in newspapers, magazines, and published on phone poles looking for all kinds of people who want to be backgrounds in movies, TV shows and advertisements. No experience needed. Do not forget to go down the Hollywood Boulevard and look to the ground for the stars of your favorite Hollywood walkers of glory.

You can go to the Staples Center, home to the 9th NBA (National Basketball Association
) World Champions in the Los Angeles Lakers. The magic of Johnson has gone from professional basketball, but you will still see his name throughout Los Angeles. He is involved with several companies around the city, including a 24-hour fitness center, Magic Johnson theaters, located in Crenshaw Shopping Center, Starbucks Coffee and Magic Johnson's TGI Friday's Restaurant.

Right across the street from the Inglewood Forum where Lakers played about 30 years ago a few years ago, the Hollywood Park racing track and casino. They only have horse racing on several months of the year. But you are in "Luck" because the casino is in full swing 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to satisfy your gambling needs. This is one of the few places here that at least until now, they still have free parking.

For baseball fans, you can go to the Dodger Stadium, the home of former Los Angeles Dodgers World Champions. You would not want to go to the Dodger stadium without eating one of their famous Dodger dogs.

Not only do we have professional sports champions, we also have our many well-known competitors from the UCLA Bruins and the USC Trojans who both welcomed the team championships in Los Angeles and both had their students and the alumni brought gold medals when they represented the United States during the Olympics.

If you want to see another historic sports site, go to the Los Angeles Coliseum. Not only was the Rams home, then the "Raiders" when Los Angeles had a NFL football team but that was one of the major events for the Summer Olympics in 1932 and 1984. If you were watching the Olympics, then you saw the Coliseum in Los Angeles during the opening and closing ceremonies and the events at Track and Field. The Olympic torch is still there.

While you're in the Colosseum, it's good to go to the California Science Center in the Exposition Park. This is great learning for adults and children. The sports arena is in this common area. Also, within walking distance of this area there are several museums that you may be interested in.

You would not want to miss taking the 405 San Diego Highway that runs across the west side of Los Angeles County so you can enjoy the armor of the armor of traffic that we all can experience so often. Most people in the area call it the largest parking lot in the world. Your foot rides the vehicle's brakes while burning this expensive gasoline. You are usually either at full stopping or traveling at the pace of snails. Just hope that there will be no car crash on the highway in front of you because the snail will actually beat you in a race.

If you leave Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) right next to Playa del Rey in the far western part of the city, you can reach the 405 motorway and head north. When you finally get to the traffic, you can visit the John Paul Getty Museum, just before you reach the valley.

You can go to Marina del Rey just to the north of the airport where you can enjoy an ocean dinner or take your fishing pillar and go out on one of the fishing boats all day or just walk around fisherman. which overlooks the Pacific Ocean and has food, beverage and gift shops. There are places near most beaches where you can rent bikes. There is a Bike Path that extends across the Pacific Ocean right next to the beach. If you like roller, roller and / or skateboarding, then you really will love Venice Beach.

Usually from the west of Los Angeles, if you are at or near Playa del Rey Beach and look up, you can see the planes flying over the ocean. If you're somewhere east of the airport, you can see the planes that come to land. But if you look up and see a helicopter, do not be confused. Probably not a guided helicopter tour. The Los Angeles Police Chopper is more likely to chase a suspect with news media helicopters trying to make their shots and do their best to keep them out of the way. Visits to police cars are very common here. You hear sirens from emergency vehicles coming from all directions. But it's Los Angeles & best to keep our city nice and safe.

In all justice, as a traveler, you really need to make the safety of yourself and your family as a top priority, no matter which city you visit in the world.

If you want to go to another cruise, you can go to Catalina Island. You can go there, have fun and go back the same day if you want or you can stay for a few days if you really like it. There are many activities there.

Another historical site you would not want to miss is the street corner of Florence and Normandy Boulevards, where all the Los Angeles rebellions began in 1992. The bulk of the business that was burned on the ground during that time has been recovered since then, so of course they look much better and more modern. Others can never be restored.

On the far south side of Los Angeles County is Long Beach, where you can see Queen Mary, which is hooked. You can tour the ship. Also, while you are in Long Beach, you can visit the Pacific Ocean Aquarium for an underwater adventure. Like the California Science Center, this is another great opportunity for learning, both for adults and children.

Shopping depends on what interests you. You can get almost everything you can imagine in the places located anywhere. Del Amo Shopping Center in Torrance (south of Los Angeles County) is one of the largest shopping malls in the US. If you are looking for a discount on clothing and other goods, go to the Clothes Area in downtown Los Angeles. If you want the expensive stuff, head down on Rodeo Drive and the Wilshire Boulevard area in Beverly Hills. East of Beverly Hills is Grove, where you can check out the Farmers' Market, which serves Los Angeles from 1934. The area has been changed, expanded and built over the last few years.

Boulevard Weisher is one of the main business streets in Los Angeles, which runs from the beach to downtown Los Angeles. So if you want to drive Wilshire Boulevard just for fun, you can start off the Santa Monica Pier overlooking the Pacific Ocean and take you to the cities of Santa Monica, Beverly Hills and Los Angeles. When you reach the center, be sure to check out the Los Angeles Civil Center area.

Another interesting street where you can go for fun is Crenshaw Boulevard. You can start on Wilshire Boulevard and head south to Crenshaw Boulevard. This will take you through the inner city of Los Angeles. Your excursion will take you to the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Shopping Center, Leimert Park in the Crenshaw area, then through Inglewood, Hawthorne, Lawndale, Torrance, Rolling Hills Estates and all the way to Rancho Palos Verdes in the South Bay District of Los County Angelis.

Check the schedule of the Los Angeles Congress Center. They always have some kind of entertainment, business or information seminars, exhibitions or workshops that take place there. You may find something you may want to attend.

There are countless places to eat and drink in the Los Angeles area, from fine restaurants to fast food, and every shade of gray between them will satisfy every appetite. You just have to find those that fit your taste. There are various entertainment, dances, activities and shows in addition to all the things mentioned above.

If you do not visit someone who has a car you can use, you could probably hire a car because waiting for public transport in Los Angeles will use most of your holiday time. Have fun.

Source by Stephanie Gibbs

Perfect holiday planning in Europe

Do you plan to go on a holiday in Europe someday? If so, you have chosen a great place to take advantage of this, as Europe has a great cultural and historical significance, making it a hot spot for travelers. Places like Berlin, London, Venice, Nice and Paris are very popular for people traveling abroad. I have advice for you, expert information on how to make your trip to Europe an experience you will never forget.

Keep your mind open

You never have to set up a hard route for your vacation. By traveling to a foreign location, you are able to dive into a different culture and way of life from what you are accredited to. For this reason, you should try to look for short-term rentals for homes and apartments. This is actually a very common practice in this part of the world and you will find that renting is much cheaper than hotels or resorts. This will give you the opportunity to go to the street and meet people, allowing you to learn more about the people and lifestyle of this country. This is the best way to have an unforgettable experience.


If you are looking for a more stable holiday, you should sometimes contact a travel agent and buy a holiday package. Packages vary in price, but you may be able to find a sale if you look strong enough. A discounted package price will allow you to save more money for spending while you are in Europe. The benefit of holiday packages is that they will make sure you are on excursions that get to know all the main attractions of a place, which gives you the opportunity for carefree holidays.

Bargain Vacations

The real key to getting a holiday break wherever you go is flexibility. You can save a lot by taking advantage of bargaining deals that only occur at certain times of the year and in certain locations. These holidays are great if you can be flexible with:

* Which of your selected airlines

* Which cruises would you like to go to

* What do you want to eat

* Where do you want to stay

When you want to leave

If, for example, you do not have a specific goal, but you just want to see Europe then you will find lower prices for travel and stay in certain countries. Do not wait at the last minute to start planning your vacation!

Extending every dollar (or euro)

Keep in mind that prices in other countries are often negotiable. Depending on where you are going, especially in countries with weak economies, you can often bargain for the prices of your purchases, which will help save you a lot. This usually does not work with big franchise businesses, but almost always works with small local businesses.

Also, if you decide to eat in restaurants, a local restaurant is good at this because they usually offer you lower prices than places you are accredited to see in America. Do not forget that if you really want to make the most of your European vacation, save money every chance you get will allow you to spend more on the things you like!

Source by Mike Jerry

Student Vacations in Cancun

It is a regular practice for students to travel groups and visit new places. This helps them to understand the new place, its cultural diversity and to help it understand life. A number of schools and colleges organize student trips and vacations. They usually make reservations through travel companies that provide reasonable discounts and special offers for group bookings. Renowned travel companies, which offer high quality holidays at economical prices, organize these trips abroad. Every year, several students travel to Cancun to learn about the local economy, visit nature reserves, and gain top quality local experiences.

Cancun is a Mexican coastal town with an average temperature of 80 ° F. The region receives minimal rain, but the tropical region continues to keep cool due to the porous limestone quality in the region. Cancun is divided into two separate parts, sometimes Cancun and Cancun. Student vacations in Cancun allow young people to interact with others who share parallel interests and appreciate foreign culture, customs, and language differences.

Cancun offers a wide range of hostels and budget hotels that are linked to the International Federation of Hostels. Before you get rid of it, it is advisable to collect information about such accommodations and rentals. It is important for students to wear international student ID cards. These are valid proofs of identification, and on presentation, students will likely earn significant savings on travel, accommodation and entrance fees. Identification cards allow students to receive the necessary healthcare immediately in the event of an emergency.

Required documents, adequate information about Cancun and a permanent financial resource allow students to plan and organize student trips themselves. A number of travel agencies and companies offer student packages. Details and information on such deals are easily accessible through local agents and online travel sites. There is a significant increase in student holidays in March and April, as countless young people gather in the region to indulge in hardcore parties. This is because the allowed drinking age in Mexico is 18, compared to 21 in America.

Source by Jennifer Bailey

The automotive industry

Market Review

The car rental industry is a multi-billion-dollar sector in the US economy. The US industry segment is about $ 18.5 billion a year. Today, there are about 1.9 million rental cars serving the segment in the US market. In addition, there are many rental agencies besides the sectoral leaders who subdivide total revenue, namely Dollar Thrifty, Budget and Vanguard. Unlike other mature service industries, the automobile automotive industry is heavily consolidated, which naturally puts potential newcomers at a disadvantage as they face large costs for materials with reduced economies of scale. Moreover, much of the profit is generated by several companies, including Enterprise, Hertz and Avis. For the fiscal year 2004, the company generated $ 7.4 billion of total revenue. Hertz was second with about 5.2 billion dollars and Avis with 2.97 dollars.

Level of integration

The automotive rental industry is in a completely different environment than five years ago. According to Business Travel News, cars are hired until they have accumulated 20,000 to 30,000 miles until they are transferred to the used automotive industry while the 12,000 to 15,000 miles range five years ago. Due to the slow growth of the industry and the narrow profit margins, there is no imminent threat to the lag in the industry. Indeed, among the players in the industry, only Hertz is vertically integrated through Ford

Scope of competition

There are many factors that shape the competitive landscape of the automotive industry. Competition comes from two main sources across the chain. Due to the end of the holiday consumer's spectrum, competition is fierce not only because the market is saturated and well guarded by the leader in the Enterprise industry, but competitors are in a disadvantaged position, along with smaller market shares, as Enterprise has established a network of dealers more than 90% from the leisure sector. From the corporate segment, on the other hand, competition is very strong at airports, as this segment is under strict control of Hertz. Since in recent years the industry has suffered a massive economic downturn, it has improved the scale of competition in most surviving companies. From a competition point of view, the rental car industry is a military area, as most rental agencies, including Enterprise, Hertz and Avis among the major players, are engaged in a battle of the strongest


most companies have worked to increase the size of the fleet and increase the level of profitability. Currently, the company with the largest fleet in the US has added 75,000 vehicles to its fleet since 2002, helping to increase the number of facilities to 170 at airports. Hertz, on the other hand, added 25,000 vehicles and expanded its international presence in 150 counties, compared with 140 in 2002. In addition, Avis increased its fleet from 210,000 in 2002 to 220,000 despite the latest economic dislike. In the years after the economic downturn, although most companies in the industry were struggling, Enterprise among the leaders in the industry was steadily growing. For example, annual sales reached $ 6.3 in 2001, $ 6.5 in 2002, $ 6.9 in 2003, and $ 7.4 billion in 2004, which translates into a growth rate of 7.2% per year over the last four years . Since 2002, industry has begun to recover in the sector as total sales have risen from 17.9 billion to 18.2 billion dollars in 2003, according to industry analysts the better days of the car industry to lend rent is still ahead. Over the next few years, industry is expected to benefit from an accelerated growth of $ 20.89 billion every year after 2008, "which is equivalent to a CAGR of 2.7% [increase] over the period 2003-2008 [19659002] Dissemination

Over the past few years, the automotive car industry has made great strides to facilitate its deployment. Today it has around 19,000 hiring locations, giving about 1.9 million rental cars in the US. car rental locations in the US, strategic and tactical approaches with is taken into account in order to ensure proper distribution throughout the industry.The distribution takes place within two interconnected segments.In the corporate market the cars are distributed to the airports and the hotel environment.In the leisure segment on the other hand, in agencies that are conveniently located within most major roads and metropolitan areas [19659002] In the past, car rental managers relied on feelings or intuitive assumptions about making and decisions about how cars have in a fleet or the level of use and performance standards of preservation of certain vehicles in a fleet. With this methodology, it was very difficult to maintain a level of equilibrium that would satisfy consumer demand and the desired level of profitability. The distribution process is relatively simple across the industry. Initially, managers must determine the number of cars to be on a daily basis. As a very tangible problem arises when there are too many or not enough cars, most car rental companies, including Hertz, Enterprise and Avis, use a pool that is a group of independent tenants who share a fleet of vehicles. (19659002) Market Segmentation

Most companies in the whole chain make a profit based on the type of cars that are sold to the most. The car is categorized as economical, compact, intermediate, premium and luxury. From the five categories, For example, the economic segment alone is responsible for 37.7% of the total revenues in the market in 2004. In addition, the compact segment accounts for 32.3% of the total revenue and the other remaining categories cover the remaining 30 % for the segment and the US

Historica l levels of profitability

overall profitability of the automotive industry has shrunk in recent years. Over the last five years, industry has fought just like the rest of the tourism industry. In fact, between 2001 and 2003, the US market experienced a modest decline in profitability. In particular, revenue declined from $ 19.4 billion in 2000 to $ 18.2 billion in 2001. Subsequently, total industry revenue declined further to $ 17.9 billion in 2002; an amount that is slightly higher than $ 17.7 billion, which is the total revenue for 1999. In 2003, the industry saw a barely noticeable increase, resulting in a profit of up to $ 18.2 billion. As a result of the economic downturn in recent years, some of the smaller players, who were heavily dependent on the airline, made many reorganizations of the strategy as a way to prepare their companies to cope with potential economic shocks that could bypass the industry. 2004, the economic situation of most businesses has gradually improved throughout the industry as most rental agencies have returned much higher profits than previous years. For example, Enterprise earns $ 7.4 billion; Hertz returns revenue of $ 5.2 billion and Avis with $ 2.9 billion in revenue for the fiscal year 2004. According to industry analysts, the automotive industry is expected to increase by 2.6 percent over the next few years

Competitive rivalry among sellers

There are many factors that stimulate competition in the automotive industry. Over the last few years, fleet expansion and increased profitability have been at the heart of most automotive companies. Enterprise, Hertz and Avis among the leaders are expanding both in sales and in the fleet. In addition, competition is booming as companies are constantly trying to improve their current conditions and offer more to consumers. The company almost doubled its fleet size from 1993 to approximately 600,000 cars today. As the industry operates with such narrow profit margins, price competition is not a factor; however, most companies are actively involved in creating value and providing a variety of amenities from technological gadgets so they can even be rented to satisfy customers. Hertz, for example, integrates its Never-Lost GPS system into its cars. On the other hand, Avis uses its OnStar and Skynet to better serve the customer base and offers free weekend rentals if the customer rents a car for five consecutive days. In addition, the automotive consumer base of the car rental is relatively low, excluding the cost of switching. Conversely, rental agencies face high fixed operating costs, including rental of property, insurance and maintenance. Hence, rental agencies considerably pricing car rentals there only to reimburse their operating costs and adequately meet the requirements of their customers. Moreover, as in recent years industry has experienced slow growth as a result of economic stagnation, which has led to a huge decline in both corporate travel and leisure, most companies, including industry leaders, are aggressively trying to re-orient their businesses , gradually reducing the level of dependence of the airline and restoring their position as a recreational sports area

The potential entry of new competitors

Entry into the rental industry of new second-hand vehicle seriously disadvantages. Over the last few years, following the economic downturn in 2001, most large rental companies have begun to increase their market share in the tourism industry as a way of ensuring stability and reducing the level of dependence between the airline and the automotive industry. While this trend has led to long-term success for existing businesses, it has increased the competitive landscape for new consumers. Because of the power of competition, existing companies such as Enterprise, Hertz and Avis are carefully following their competitive radar to predict Sharpe attacks against new entrants. Another entry barrier is created due to the saturation of the industry

For example, Enterprise has won the first tunnel advantage with its 6,000 facilities by saturation of the leisure segment, thus not only placing high limitations on the most common channels distribution, but also high resource requirements for new businesses. Today, Enterprise has a space for renting within 15 miles of 90% of the US population. Due to the network of dealers that the Enterprise has created throughout the country, it has become relatively stable, more resilient to the recession and, above all, less dependent on the airline than its competitors. Hertz, on the other hand, uses the entire spectrum of its 7,200 stores to secure its market position. In principle, the emergence of most of the industrial leaders in the leisure market not only leads to rivalry but also changes directly with the level of complexity of entry into the automotive industry

The substitute threat

There are many substitutes available for the automotive industry. From a technology point of view, hiring a distance car for a meeting is a less attractive alternative than video conferencing, virtual teams and collaborative software that the company can immediately set up a meeting with its employees from anywhere in the world at cheaper costs . In addition, there are other alternatives, including cabin taking, which is a satisfactory substitute for quality and replacement costs, but may not be as attractive as a rental car for one day or more. While public transport is the most cost-effective alternative, it is more expensive in terms of the process and the time it takes to reach the goal of one. Finally, as flying offers convenience, speed and efficiency, it is a very attractive substitute; but this is an unattractive alternative to the price of car hire. In the business segment, car rental agencies have more protection against substitutes, as many companies have introduced travel policies that set the parameters of car hire or the use of a substitute is the best way to act.

According to Tracey Esch, director of marketing operations, her company hires cars up to 200 miles before considering an alternative. In principle, the threat of substitution is relatively low in the car rental sector, as the effects that substitute products do not pose a significant risk of profit erosion across the industry

The power of contracting suppliers

the automotive industry. Due to the availability of substitutes and the level of competition, suppliers do not have a great deal of influence on the terms of the rental car. Because rental cars are usually bought in bulk, car rental agents have a significant impact on the terms of the sale as they have the ability to play one supplier against another to reduce the sale price. Another factor that reduces the power of the supplier is the lack of switching costs. This means that buyers are not affected by purchasing from one supplier to another and, most importantly, the change of products to different suppliers is hardly noticeable and does not affect the choice of consumer leasing

. Purchasing power of buyers

While the leisure sector has little or no power, the business segment has a significant impact in the automotive industry. An interesting trend, which is currently developing throughout the industry, forces car rental companies to adapt to the needs of corporate travelers. This trend significantly reduces the power of suppliers or rental companies. power and increases corporate purchasing power, as the business segment is terribly price-sensitive, well informed about the price structure of the industry, buys in bulk, and uses the internet to charge lower prices. Holiday buyers, on the other hand, have less impact on rental terms. Since tourists are generally less price-sensitive, smaller purchases, or fewer purchases, they have a low contracting power.

Five Forces

Today the automotive industry is in a completely different environment than five years ago. From a competition point of view, the revolution of the five forces around the automotive industry exerts strong economic pressure, which greatly reduced the competitive appeal of the industry. As a result of the economic downturn in recent years, many companies have moved in particular from Budget and Vanguard Group because their business infrastructure has succumbed to the instability of the competitive environment. Today, very few companies, including Enterprise, Hertz and Avis, return a slightly higher average revenue than the rest of the industry. Realistically, the car rental sector is not a very attractive industry because of the level of competition, barriers to entry and competitive pressure from substitute companies

Strategic mapping of groups

A moderately concentrated sector has a clear hierarchy in the automotive industry. From an economic point of view, there are differences from a number of dimensions, including the revenue, the size of the fleet and the size of the market that each firm holds on the market. For example, Enterprise dominates the fleet-sized industry of about 600,000 vehicles, along with market size and profitability. Hertz ranks second with its market share and fleet volume. In addition, Avis is third on the map. Avis is one of the companies that have problems recovering their earnings margins before the economic downturn. For example, in 2000, Avis returned revenues of approximately $ 4.23 billion. Over the next few years, since 2000, Avis's revenues have been significantly lower than in 2000. As a way to reduce uncertainty, most companies are gradually reducing the level of dependence on the aviation industry and the emergence of the leisure market. Тази тенденция може да не е в интерес на Hertz, тъй като нейната бизнес стратегия е сложно свързана с летищата.

Ключови фактори за успех

Има много ключови фактори за успех, които водят до рентабилност в цялата индустрия за отдаване под наем на автомобили. Използването на капацитета е един от факторите, които определят успеха в отрасъла. Тъй като фирмите за отдаване под наем изпитват загуба на приходи, когато има твърде малко или твърде много автомобили, които се намират в техните партиди, от първостепенно значение е ефективното управление на флотите. Този фактор за успех представлява голяма сила за индустрията, тъй като намалява, ако не напълно елиминира евентуално недостиг на коли под наем. Ефективното разпределение е друг фактор, който поддържа индустрията печеливша. Въпреки положителната връзка между размерите на флота и нивото на рентабилност, фирмите непрекъснато увеличават размера на флота си, поради конкурентните сили, които обграждат индустрията. Освен това удобството е един от най-важните признаци, с които потребителите избират фирмите за отдаване под наем. Това означава, че потребителите на коли под наем са по-склонни да наемат автомобили от фирми, които имат удобни места за отдаване под наем и отпадане. Друг ключов фактор за успех, който е често срещан сред конкурентните фирми, е интегрирането на технологиите в техните бизнес процеси. Чрез технологията например компаниите за автомобили под наем създават начини да отговорят на потребителското търсене, като наемат кола под наем много приятно изпитание, като добавят удобството на онлайн наемането сред другите алтернативи. Освен това, фирмите са интегрирали навигационните системи заедно с пътната помощ, за да предложат на клиентите усещането при наемането на автомобили.

Атрактивност в индустрията

Има много фактори, които оказват влияние върху привлекателността на автомобилната индустрия. Тъй като индустрията е умерено концентрирана, тя поставя новите участници на пазара в неравностойно положение. Това означава, че неговата ниска концентрация представлява естествена бариера за навлизане в отрасъла, тъй като позволява на съществуващата фирма да предвиди остри репресии срещу нови участници. Поради рисковете, свързани с навлизането на индустрията сред други фактори, това не е много атрактивен сектор на пазара. От гледна точка на конкуренцията, пазарът на свободното време е 90% наситен поради активните усилия на предприятието да доминира в този сектор на пазара. От друга страна, летищните терминали са силно охранявани от Херц. Реалистично казано, влизането в сектора предлага ниска рентабилност спрямо свързаните с него разходи и рискове. За повечето потребители главните определящи фактори при избора на една компания спрямо друга са цената и удобството. Поради тази причина фирмите за отдаване под наем са много предпазливи по отношение на определянето на ставките си и това обикновено налага дори на големите играчи в индустрията да предлагат повече на потребителите по-малко, само за да останат конкурентни. Херц, например, предлага безжичен интернет на своите клиенти, само за да добави повече удобство към своите планове за пътуване. Avis, от друга страна, предлага безплатни уикенд специалности, ако клиентът наеме кола за пет последователни дни през седмицата. Въз основа на въздействието на петте сили, секторът за отдаване под наем на коли не е много привлекателна индустрия за потенциални нови участници на пазара.


Автомобилната индустрия за отдаване под наем е в състояние на възстановяване. Въпреки че може да изглежда, че индустрията има добри финансови резултати, все пак постепенно се възстановява в сравнение с нейното действително икономическо състояние през последните пет години. Като начин за гарантиране на рентабилността, освен търсенето на пазарни дялове и стабилност, повечето компании в цялата верига имат обща цел, която се занимава със снижаване на нивото на зависимост от авиокомпанията и преминаване към сегмента за отдих. Това състояние на движение доведе до ожесточена конкуренция сред конкурентите в отрасъла, тъй като те се опитват да защитят пазарните си дялове. От гледна точка на футуризма, все още има по-добри дни от автомобилната индустрия. Тъй като нивото на рентабилност се увеличава, аз вярвам, че повечето от лидерите в индустрията, включително Enterprise, Hertz и Avis, ще бъдат ограничени от икономическите и конкурентни бариери пред мобилността на техните стратегически групи, а новите потребители ще имат по-голям шанс да проникнат и реализират успеха


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Наемане на автомобилни врагове война на тревата на другия. & # 148; Асошиейтед прес. Есен 2004. 08 март 2005 г.

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Source by Rodrigue Monestime